1、maybe/ may be


(1) maybe是副词,意思是“大略,也许”,经常使用作状语。 

Maybe you put it in your bag. 也许你把它放在包里了。

“Will he come tomorrow?”“Maybe not.”   “他翌日来吗?”“兴许不”。

(2) may be相称因而神态动词may与be动词搭配一同作谓语,意思是“也许是…,多是…”。 

It may be 9:00 when they arrive. 他们可能于九点达到。

The man may be a lawyer. 那人也许是状师。

2、borrow/ lend/ keep/ use 


(1) borrow泄漏表现的是从他人那边借来货色,即我们平日所道的“借出去”。

We often borrow books from our school library. 我们常常从学校图书馆借书。

I borrowed this dictionary from my teacher. 我从先生那儿借来了这本字典。


You can borrow my recorder for three days. ( 过错 )

I have borrowed this book for only one week. ( 毛病 ) 

(2) lend透露表现的是把本人的东西借给他人,即我们凡是所说的“借进来”。

Thank you for lending me your bike. 感谢你把自行车借给我。

He often lends money to his brother. 他经常乞贷给他弟弟。

lend与borrow一样,也是一个霎时完成的 动作,不能与一段时间连用。 

(3) keep的意思也是“借”,但一样平凡是指借来后的保留或使用阶段,是一段连续的时间,因而可以与时间段连用。

You can keep my recorder for three days. 我的灌音机你可以借用三天。

I have kept this book for only one week. 这本书我才刚借了一礼拜。

(4) use也可能当“借用”讲,当心它的本意是“用,应用”。

May I use your ruler? 我能借你的尺子用一下吗?

He had to use this public telephone. 他不能不使用这部公用电话。

3、leave/ leave for

(1) leave意思是“分开,降下”。

We left Shanghai two years ago. 我们两年前离开了上海。

He left his cell phone in the taxi last week. 他上周把手机落在出租车里了。

(2) leave for意思是“前去”,透露表现要去的目标地。

We will leave for Tibet next month. 我们将于下月去西躲。

The train is leaving for Moscow. 这趟水车即将开往莫斯科。

4、since/ for 

(1) since用于完成时态,既能用作介词,也能用作连词,后常接时间点,意思是“自从”。 

He has been a worker since he came into this city. 自从他离开这个都会,他就是工人了。 

I have never seen him since we last met in Shanghai. 自从咱们前次正在上海见过以后,我再也出睹过他。


Since you are interested in it, just do it. 既然你对它感兴趣,那就做吧。 

You can have fun now since you’ve finished your work. 既然你已经做告终作业,就高兴玩会儿吧。 

(2) for用于完成时,用作介词,后常接一段时间,意思是“经由…”。 

I have learned English for five years. 我已教了五年英语了。

They have waited for you for 30 minutes. 他们已经等了你三非常钟了。


They missed the flight for they were late. 他们由于完到了而误了航班。

He fell ill for many reasons. 他因为多种原因病倒了。

5、neither/ either/ both

 (1) neither作代词是对两者都禁止否认,意思为“两者中任何一个都不”,作主语时谓语动词用双数。

Neither of the boys is from England. 这两个男孩都不是来自英国。

I know neither of them. 他们两个我都不意识。 

neither用作形容词,也修饰单数名词,意思与作代词时相同;用作连词时,一样平常与nor搭配,透露表现 “既不…也不”。作主语时,谓语动词也遵循就近本则。 

She neither ate nor drank yesterday. 她今天既不吃也不喝。

Neither he nor we play football on Sundays. 他和我们星期天都不踢球。

(2) either作代词时,是指两者中的随便任性一方都可以,故作主语时谓语动词用单数。

Either of the books is new. 这两本书任何一册都是新的。

She doesn’t like either of the films. 那两部片子她都不爱好。

either作形容词, 用来修饰单数名词,意思与作介词时相同。


Either school is near my home.  (这两所黉舍中的)任何一所黉舍都离我家很远。

Either question is difficult. 两个题目(中的任何一个)都易。


Either he or I am right. 不是他就是我是对的。

Either my sister or my parents are coming to see me. 不是我姐姐就是我怙恃要来看我。

(3) both作代词时,指的是所波及到的“两者都”, 故作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 

I like both of the stories. 这两个故事我都喜欢。

Both of my parents are teachers. 我怙恃两人都是先生。


Both his arms are hurt. 他的两只胳膊都受伤了。

Both these students are good at English. 这两个学生都善于英语。

both用做连伺候时,多取and拆配,流露表示“既…又, 不只…并且”, 作主语时,谓语动词仍用单数情势。 

Both piano and violin are my bobbies. 钢琴跟小提琴皆是我的快活爱好。

They study both history and physics. 他们既学近况,又学物理。

6、find/look for/ find out

 (1) find夸大找的成果,意思是“找到”。另外另有“发明,察觉”的意思,后可接宾语从句。 

Jim couldn’t find his hat. 凶姆找不着帽子了。

Have you found your lost keys? 你找到丧失的钥匙了吗?

He found the lights were on along the street. 他收现沿街的灯都明了

(2) look for的意思为“寻觅”,指的是找的动作而非结果。另外,还有“渴望,期待”的意思。 

She is looking for her son. 她正在找她的女子。

We’ve been looking for the car since early this morning. 我们从古天一年夜早就入手下手找这辆车了。

I look for the coming holiday. 我等待着行将降临的假期。

(3) find out含有经过察看、研讨或摸索而得悉的意思,后常接较形象的事物,意思是“找出,发现,查明(本相)”等。

I can find out who took my money away. 我能查出谁拿了我的钱。

Could you find out when the plane arrives? 你能想法知讲飞机甚么时候到吗?

7、forget to do/ forget doing

(1) forget to do是指忘记来做某件事了,即该事还不做。 

Please don’t forget to call this afternoon. 明天下午不要记了给我挨电话。

I forgot to take some small change with me. 我身上忘了带整钱了。

(2) forget doing是指忘却某件已经做过的事件,即应事已经做了,但被忘记了。 

He forgot telling me his address. 他忘了告诉过我地点了。

They forgot having been here before. 他们忘了以前曾来过这儿。

8、stop doing/ stop to do 

(1) stop doing是指停行做某事,即doing这个动作不再持续。

They stopped debating. 他们结束了辩论。(不争辩了) 

He had to stop driving as the traffic lights changed in to red. 因为交通灯酿成了白色,他不克不及不泊车。 

(2) stop to do是指停上去进部属脚做别的一件事,即停滞本来的事,动手动手做do这个举措。 

She stopped to have a rest. 她停下来休养会儿。(软弱下手息息)

They stopped to talk. 他们停下来进手下手攀谈。

9、except/ besides

(1) except是指不包括后里所提人或物在内的“除”,可以理解为“撇开…不道”,透露表现两部门的分歧。 

Everyone is excited except me. 除我以中的每个人都很冲动。(他们激动,而我却不激昂)

All the visitors are Japanese except him. 除他以外的贪图旅客都是岛国人。(其余人是岛国人,可他不是)


Twenty-five students went to the cinema besides him. 除他以外,还有25个学生去看了电影。(他和别的25人都去了)

We like biology besides English. 除英语外,我们还喜欢生物。(生物和英语都喜欢)


He is a great thinker, and besides, he is a politician. 他是一名巨大的思维家,除此之外,他还是一位政事家。 

They encouraged me, and they supported me with money, besides. 他们不但煽动鼓励我,而且与我以款项上的支撑。

10、keep doing/ keep on doing 

(1) keep doing指的是连续地、保持一直天做某事,旁边不连续。

It kept blowing for a whole day. 刮了一终日风了。

The temperature keeps dropping. 温度持绝降落。

(2) keep on doing是指重复坚持做某事,但动作之间略有距离。

They have kept on writing to each other for many years. 他们曾经相互通讯多年了。

After drinking some water, he kept on talking. 喝了一些水后,他脆持发言。

11、seem/ look

(1) seem日常侧重于以客不雅迹象为根据,意思是“好像、好象、看起来…”。 

The baby seems to be happy. 婴儿看上去似乎很愉快。

He seemed to be sorry for that. 他似乎为那件事觉得负疚。

seem能与to do构造连用,而look不能不迭,www.3183.com。 

It seems to rain. 好像要下雨了。

They seemed to have finished their work. 他们仿佛已经实现了任务。


It seems that he is quite busy now. 他现在看起来很闲。

It seems to us that there is nothing serious. 在我看来没什么年夜不了的。 

(2) look用作“看起来;似乎”时,常从物体的表面或面貌下去断定,以是视觉所接收的英俊为依据的。 

The room looks clean. 这间房看起来很清洁。

The girl looks like her mother. 那女孩看起去背她的妈妈。

12、such/ so 


Don’t be such a fool. 别这么愚。 

He is such a clever boy. 他是如此聪慧的一个男孩。 

(2) so是副词,用来修饰形容词或副词。 

He is so kind! 他实善意!

Why did you come so late? 你为何返来得如此迟?

当名词前有many, much, few, little等透露表现多、少时,应当用so。 

He has so many friends. 他有如斯多的友人。 

Only so little time is left! 才剩这么一面儿时光!

13、either/ too/ also


She is not a Japanese. I’m not, either. 她不是日自己,我也不是。

My sister doesn’t like this song, either. 我mm也不喜欢这首歌。


He likes China, too. 他也喜悲中国。

Are you in Grade 3, too? 你也在三年级吗?


We are also students. 我们也是学生。

He also went there on foot. 他也是走着去的。

Did you also want to have a look? 你也想看看吗?

14、if/ whether


(1)与or not连用时,只能用whether。

We want to know whether you are ill or not. 我们想知道你是不是抱病了。

Please tell me whether or not you have finished your work. 请告诉我们你是不是完成了工作。


Adam didn’t know whether to go or stay. 亚当不晓得是行还是留。

He hasn’t decided whether to have dinner with me. 他还没决议是不是和我共进晚饭。


Whether it will rain or snow, we don’t mind. 我们不在意将要起风还是下雨。

Whether I won or lost, she didn’t want to know. 我是赢是输她不想知道。


The most important was whether they had gone. 最重要的是他们能否是已经走了。

Whether he will go with me is a secret. 他是否是会和我一路往仍是个机密。


We’ll have a football match if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. 如果明天将来来日不下雨,我们 要进止足球赛。

I’ll tell him if I sees him. 我瞥见他便告知他。

If you’re in danger, please call 110. 假如您碰到风险,请拨打110。

15、bad/ badly 


 (1) bad是一个形容词,意思是“坏的,蹩脚的,好的,严峻的”。

I don’t think he is a bad person. 我实在不以为他是一个坏人。

I had a bad headache. 我的头疼爱得很强健。


We need help badly. 我们慢需辅助。

His arm was badly hurt. 他的胳膊严峻受伤了。

16、interested/ interesting

(1) interested是指“对…发生兴趣的,对…感兴趣的”,一样仄经常使用人做主语,后常常使用介词in. 

He was interested in biology before. 他之前对生物感兴趣。 

I’m not interested in art. 我对付艺术没有感兴致。


He is an interesting old man. 他是个风趣的老头。

The interesting story attracted me. 这个有趣的故事吸收了我。

17、dead/ die/ death/ dying 

(1) dead是形容词,意思为“死了的、无性命的”,透露表现状况,能够与一段时间连用。 

The tree has been dead for ten years. 这棵树逝世了有十年了。

The rabbits are all dead. 这些兔子都是死的。

(2) die是动词,意思为“死、灭亡”,是一个瞬间动词,不克不及与一段时间用。 

My grandpa died two years ago. 我爷爷两年前往世了。

The old man died of cancer. 白叟死于癌症。

(3) death是名词,意思为“灭亡、逝世”等。

The memorial hall was built one year after his death. 他身后一年,留念馆建成了。 

His death is a great loss to us. 他的死是我们的宏大丧失。 

(4) dying 是die的面前目今他日分词,用作形容词,意思是“病笃的、即将故去的”。 

The doctors have saved the dying man. 大夫们救活了谁人病笃的人。

The poor dog had no food, it was dying. 不幸的狗没有食品,将近饥死了。

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